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Glossary of WSA NonSurvey attributes (UKIDSSDR10)

This Glossary alphabetically lists all attributes used in the WSA NonSurvey database(s) held in the WSA. If you would like to have more information about the schema tables please use the Schema Browser (other Browser versions).
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N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

B

NameSchema TableDatabaseDescriptionTypeLengthUnitDefault ValueUnified Content Descriptor
b [nspid]CurrentAstrometry, [nspid]PreviousAstrometry WSA NonSurvey Galactic latitude of device centre float 8 Degrees   pos.galactic.lat
b [nspid]Detection, [nspid]DxsSource, [nspid]ExtendedSource, [nspid]GcsPointSource, [nspid]GpsPointSource, [nspid]JHKsource, [nspid]JKsource, [nspid]LasPointSource, [nspid]ListRemeasurement, [nspid]PointSource, [nspid]Source, [nspid]SourceRemeasurement, [nspid]SynopticSource, [nspid]UKIDSSDetection, [nspid]UdsSource, [nspid]YJHKsource, [nspid]ZYJHKsource WSA NonSurvey Galactic latitude float 8 Degrees   POS_GAL_LAT
bandMergingCriterion [nspid]Programme WSA NonSurvey maximum timespan over which different filters are merged into sources in the synoptic source table. real 4 minutes -0.9999995e9  
beamNS [nspid]Multiframe WSA NonSurvey Topend: N-S beam {image primary HDU keyword: NSBEAM} real 4   -0.9999995e9  
beamWE [nspid]Multiframe WSA NonSurvey Topend: W-E beam {image primary HDU keyword: WEBEAM} real 4   -0.9999995e9  
bitsPerPix [nspid]MultiframeDetector WSA NonSurvey Number of bits per data pixel, eg. +32 = 4 byte integers {image extension keyword: BITPIX} smallint 2 FITS bitpix   meta.number
bMag [nspid]FSstars WSA NonSurvey B band total magnitude real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_INT-MAG
brAperMag1 [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br aperture corrected mag (0.7 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag1Err [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (0.7 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag2 [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br aperture corrected mag (1.4 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag2Err [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (1.4 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag3 [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Default point source Br aperture corrected mag (2.0 arcsec aperture diameter)
If in doubt use this flux estimator
real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag3 [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Default point/extended source Br aperture corrected mag (2.0 arcsec aperture diameter)
If in doubt use this flux estimator
real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag3 [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Default point/extended source Br aperture corrected mag (2.0 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag3Err [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in default point source Br mag (2.0 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag3Err [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Error in default point/extended source Br mag (2.0 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag4 [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Point source Br aperture corrected mag (2.8 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag4 [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br aperture corrected mag (2.8 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag4Err [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in point source Br mag (2.8 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag4Err [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (2.8 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag5 [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br aperture corrected mag (4.0 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag5Err [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (4.0 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag6 [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br aperture corrected mag (5.7 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag6 [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Point source Br aperture corrected mag (5.7 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brAperMag6Err [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (5.7 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brAperMag6Err [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in point source Br mag (5.7 arcsec aperture diameter) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
braStratAst [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Strateva parameter, a, in fit to astrometric rms vs magnitude in Br band, see Sesar et al. 2007. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS position around the mean for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated.
braStratPht [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Strateva parameter, a, in fit to photometric rms vs magnitude in Br band, see Sesar et al. 2007. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS brightness (in magnitudes) for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated. This technique was used in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236.
brbestAper [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Best aperture (1-6) for photometric statistics in the Br band int 4   -9999  
Aperture magnitude (1-6) which gives the lowest RMS for the object. All apertures have the appropriate aperture correction. This can give better values in crowded regions than aperMag3 (see Irwin et al. 2007, MNRAS, 375, 1449)
brbStratAst [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Strateva parameter, b, in fit to astrometric rms vs magnitude in Br band, see Sesar et al. 2007. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS position around the mean for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated.
brbStratPht [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Strateva parameter, b, in fit to photometric rms vs magnitude in Br band, see Sesar et al. 2007. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS brightness (in magnitudes) for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated. This technique was used in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236.
brchiSqAst [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Goodness of fit of Strateva function to astrometric data in Br band real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS position around the mean for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated.
brchiSqpd [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Chi square (per degree of freedom) fit to data (mean and expected rms) real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brchiSqPht [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Goodness of fit of Strateva function to photometric data in Br band real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS brightness (in magnitudes) for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated. This technique was used in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236.
brClass [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey discrete image classification flag in Br smallint 2   -9999 CLASS_MISC
brClassStat [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey N(0,1) stellarness-of-profile statistic in Br real 4   -0.9999995e9 STAT_PROP
brcStratAst [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Strateva parameter, c, in fit to astrometric rms vs magnitude in Br band, see Sesar et al. 2007. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS position around the mean for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated.
brcStratPht [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Strateva parameter, c, in fit to photometric rms vs magnitude in Br band, see Sesar et al. 2007. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS brightness (in magnitudes) for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated. This technique was used in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236.
brDeblend [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey placeholder flag indicating parent/child relation in Br int 4   -99999999 CODE_MISC
This CASU pipeline processing source extraction flag is a placeholder only, and is always set to zero in all passbands in the merged source lists. If you need to know when a particular image detection is a component of a deblend or not, test bit 4 of attribute ppErrBits (see corresponding glossary entry) which is set by WFAU's post-processing software based on testing the areal profiles aprof2-8 (these are set by CASU to -1 for deblended components, or positive values for non-deblended detections). We encode this in an information bit of ppErrBits for convenience when querying the merged source tables.
brDeblend [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey placeholder flag indicating parent/child relation in Br int 4   -99999999 CODE_MISC
brEll [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey 1-b/a, where a/b=semi-major/minor axes in Br real 4   -0.9999995e9 PHYS_ELLIPTICITY
breNum [nspid]MergeLog, [nspid]SynopticMergeLog WSA NonSurvey the extension number of this Br frame tinyint 1     NUMBER
brErrBits [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey processing warning/error bitwise flags in Br int 4   -99999999 CODE_MISC
Apparently not actually an error bit flag, but a count of the number of zero confidence pixels in the default (2 arcsec diameter) aperture.
brEta [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Offset of Br detection from master position (+north/-south) real 4 arcsec -0.9999995e9 POS_EQ_DEC_OFF
When associating individual passband detections into merged sources, a generous (in terms of the positional uncertainties) pairing radius of 2.0 (UKIDSS LAS and GPS; UHS; also non-survey programmes) or 1.0 (UKIDSS GPS, DXS and UDS) arcseconds is used, the higher value enabling pairing of moving sources when epoch separations may be several years. Such a large association criterion can of course lead to spurious pairings in the merged sources lists (although note that between passband pairs, handshake pairing is done: both passbands must agree that the candidate pair is their nearest neighbour for the pair to propagate through into the merged source table). In order to help filter spurious pairings out, and assuming that large positional offsets between the different passband detections are not expected (e.g. because of source motion, or larger than usual positional uncertainties) then the attributes Xi and Eta can be used to filter any pairings with suspiciously large offsets in one or more bands. For example, for a clean sample of QSOs from the LAS, you might wish to insist that the offsets in the selected sample are all below 1 arcsecond: simply add WHERE clauses into the SQL sample selection script to exclude all Xi and Eta values larger than the threshold you want. NB: the master position is the position of the detection in the shortest passband in the set, rather than the ra/dec of the source as stored in source attributes of the same name. The former is used in the pairing process, while the latter is generally the optimally weighted mean position from an astrometric solution or other combinatorial process of all individual detection positions across the available passbands.
brexpML [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Expected magnitude limit of frameSet in this in Br band. real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The expected magnitude limit of an intermediate stack, based on the total exposure time. expML=Filter.oneSecML+1.25*log10(totalExpTime). Since different intermediate stacks can have different exposure times, the totalExpTime is the minimum, as long as the number of stacks with this minimum make up 10% of the total. This is a more conservative treatment than just taking the mean or median total exposure time.
brExpRms [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Rms calculated from polynomial fit to modal RMS as a function of magnitude in Br band real 4 mag -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brGausig [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey RMS of axes of ellipse fit in Br real 4 pixels -0.9999995e9 MORPH_PARAM
brHallMag [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Total point source Br mag real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brHallMagErr [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in total point source Br mag real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brIntRms [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Intrinsic rms in Br-band real 4 mag -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brisDefAst [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Use a default model for the astrometric noise in Br band. tinyint 1   0  
brisDefPht [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Use a default model for the photometric noise in Br band. tinyint 1   0  
brMagMAD [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Median Absolute Deviation of Br magnitude real 4 mag -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brMagRms [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey rms of Br magnitude real 4 mag -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brmaxCadence [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey maximum gap between observations real 4 days -0.9999995e9  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brMaxMag [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Maximum magnitude in Br band, of good detections real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brmeanMag [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Mean Br magnitude real 4 mag -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brmedCadence [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey median gap between observations real 4 days -0.9999995e9  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brmedianMag [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Median Br magnitude real 4 mag -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brmfID [nspid]MergeLog, [nspid]SynopticMergeLog WSA NonSurvey the UID of the relevant Br multiframe bigint 8     ID_FRAME
brminCadence [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey minimum gap between observations real 4 days -0.9999995e9  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brMinMag [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Minimum magnitude in Br band, of good detections real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brmkExt [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Extended source colour Br-K (using aperMag3) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_COLOR
Default colours from pairs of adjacent passbands within a given set (e.g. Y-J, J-H and H-K for YJHK) are recorded in the merged source table for ease of querying and speedy querying via indexing of these attributes. Presently, the point-source colours and extended source colours are computed from the aperture corrected AperMag3 fixed 2 arcsec aperture diameter measures (for consistent measurement across all passbands) and generally good signal-to-noise. At some point in the future, this may be changed such that point-source colours will be computed from the PSF-fitted measures and extended source colours computed from the 2-d Sersic model profile fits.
brmkExtErr [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error on extended source colour Br-K real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
Default colours from pairs of adjacent passbands within a given set (e.g. Y-J, J-H and H-K for YJHK) are recorded in the merged source table for ease of querying and speedy querying via indexing of these attributes. Presently, the point-source colours and extended source colours are computed from the aperture corrected AperMag3 fixed 2 arcsec aperture diameter measures (for consistent measurement across all passbands) and generally good signal-to-noise. At some point in the future, this may be changed such that point-source colours will be computed from the PSF-fitted measures and extended source colours computed from the 2-d Sersic model profile fits.
brmkPnt [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Point source colour Br-K (using aperMag3) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_COLOR
Default colours from pairs of adjacent passbands within a given set (e.g. Y-J, J-H and H-K for YJHK) are recorded in the merged source table for ease of querying and speedy querying via indexing of these attributes. Presently, the point-source colours and extended source colours are computed from the aperture corrected AperMag3 fixed 2 arcsec aperture diameter measures (for consistent measurement across all passbands) and generally good signal-to-noise. At some point in the future, this may be changed such that point-source colours will be computed from the PSF-fitted measures and extended source colours computed from the 2-d Sersic model profile fits.
brmkPntErr [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Error on point source colour Br-K real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
Default colours from pairs of adjacent passbands within a given set (e.g. Y-J, J-H and H-K for YJHK) are recorded in the merged source table for ease of querying and speedy querying via indexing of these attributes. Presently, the point-source colours and extended source colours are computed from the aperture corrected AperMag3 fixed 2 arcsec aperture diameter measures (for consistent measurement across all passbands) and generally good signal-to-noise. At some point in the future, this may be changed such that point-source colours will be computed from the PSF-fitted measures and extended source colours computed from the 2-d Sersic model profile fits.
brndof [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Number of degrees of freedom for chisquare smallint 2   -9999  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brnDofAst [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Number of degrees of freedom of astrometric fit in Br band. smallint 2   -9999  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS position around the mean for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated.
brnDofPht [nspid]VarFrameSetInfo WSA NonSurvey Number of degrees of freedom of photometric fit in Br band. smallint 2   -9999  
The best fit solution to the expected RMS brightness (in magnitudes) for all objects in the frameset. Objects were binned in ranges of magnitude and the median RMS (after clipping out variable objects using the median-absolute deviation) was calculated. The Strateva function $\zeta(m)>=a+b\,10^{0.4m}+c\,10^{0.8m}$ was fit, where $\zeta(m)$ is the expected RMS as a function of magnitude. The chi-squared and number of degrees of freedom are also calculated. This technique was used in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236.
brnFlaggedObs [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Number of detections in Br band flagged as potentially spurious by calDetection.ppErrBits int 4   0  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brnGoodObs [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Number of good detections in Br band int 4   0  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brNgt3sig [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Number of good detections in Br-band that are more than 3 sigma deviations smallint 2   -9999  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brnMissingObs [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Number of Br band frames that this object should have been detected on and was not int 4   0  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brPA [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey ellipse fit celestial orientation in Br real 4 Degrees -0.9999995e9 POS_POS-ANG
brPetroMag [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br mag (Petrosian) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brPetroMagErr [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (Petrosian) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brppErrBits [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey additional WFAU post-processing error bits in Br int 4   0 CODE_MISC
Post-processing error quality bit flags assigned (NB: from UKIDSS DR2 release onwards) in the WSA curation procedure for survey data. From least to most significant byte in the 4-byte integer attribute byte 0 (bits 0 to 7) corresponds to information on generally innocuous conditions that are nonetheless potentially significant as regards the integrity of that detection; byte 1 (bits 8 to 15) corresponds to warnings; byte 2 (bits 16 to 23) corresponds to important warnings; and finally byte 3 (bits 24 to 31) corresponds to severe warnings:
ByteBitDetection quality issue Threshold or bit mask Applies to
DecimalHexadecimal
0 4 Deblended 16 0x00000010 All VDFS catalogues
0 6 Bad pixel(s) in default aperture 64 0x00000040 All VDFS catalogues
1 15 Source in poor flat field region 32768 0x00008000 All but mosaics
2 16 Close to saturated 65536 0x00010000 All VDFS catalogues (though deeps excluded prior to DR8)
2 17 Photometric calibration probably subject to systematic error 131072 0x00020000 GPS only
2 19 Possible crosstalk artefact/contamination 524288 0x00080000 All but GPS
2 22 Lies within a dither offset of the stacked frame boundary 4194304 0x00400000 All but mosaics

In this way, the higher the error quality bit flag value, the more likely it is that the detection is spurious. The decimal threshold (column 4) gives the minimum value of the quality flag for a detection having the given condition (since other bits in the flag may be set also; the corresponding hexadecimal value, where each digit corresponds to 4 bits in the flag, can be easier to compute when writing SQL queries to test for a given condition). For example, to exclude all K band sources in the LAS having any error quality condition other than informational ones, include a predicate ... AND kppErrBits ≤ 255. See the SQL Cookbook and other online pages for further information.
brprobVar [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Probability of variable from chi-square (and other data) real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brPsfMag [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Point source profile-fitted Br mag real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brPsfMagErr [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in point source profile-fitted Br mag real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brSeqNum [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey the running number of the Br detection int 4   -99999999 ID_NUMBER
brSerMag2D [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Extended source Br mag (profile-fitted) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 PHOT_MAG
brSerMag2DErr [nspid]Source WSA NonSurvey Error in extended source Br mag (profile-fitted) real 4 mag -0.9999995e9 ERROR
brskewness [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Skewness in Br band (see Sesar et al. 2007) real 4   -0.9999995e9  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brtotalPeriod [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey total period of observations (last obs-first obs) real 4 days -0.9999995e9  
The observations are classified as good, flagged or missing. Flagged observations are ones where the object has a ppErrBit flag. Missing observations are observations of the part of the sky that include the position of the object, but had no detection. All the statistics are calculated from good observations. The cadence parameters give the minimum, median and maximum time between observations, which is useful to know if the data could be used to find a particular type of variable.
brVarClass [nspid]Variability WSA NonSurvey Classification of variability in this band smallint 2   -9999  
The photometry is calculated for good observations in the best aperture. The mean, rms, median, median absolute deviation, minMag and maxMag are quite standard. The skewness is calculated as in Sesar et al. 2007, AJ, 134, 2236. The number of good detections that are more than 3 standard deviations can indicate a distribution with many outliers. In each frameset, the mean and rms are used to derive a fit to the expected rms as a function of magnitude. The parameters for the fit are stored in VarFrameSetInfo and the value for the source is in expRms. This is subtracted from the rms in quadrature to get the intrinsic rms: the variability of the object beyond the noise in the system. The chi-squared is calculated, assuming a non-variable object which has the noise from the expected-rms and mean calculated as above. The probVar statistic assumes a chi-squared distribution with the correct number of degrees of freedom. The varClass statistic is 1, if the probVar>0.9 and intrinsicRMS/expectedRMS>3.
brXi [nspid]Source, [nspid]SynopticSource WSA NonSurvey Offset of Br detection from master position (+east/-west) real 4 arcsec -0.9999995e9 POS_EQ_RA_OFF
When associating individual passband detections into merged sources, a generous (in terms of the positional uncertainties) pairing radius of 2.0 (UKIDSS LAS and GPS; UHS; also non-survey programmes) or 1.0 (UKIDSS GPS, DXS and UDS) arcseconds is used, the higher value enabling pairing of moving sources when epoch separations may be several years. Such a large association criterion can of course lead to spurious pairings in the merged sources lists (although note that between passband pairs, handshake pairing is done: both passbands must agree that the candidate pair is their nearest neighbour for the pair to propagate through into the merged source table). In order to help filter spurious pairings out, and assuming that large positional offsets between the different passband detections are not expected (e.g. because of source motion, or larger than usual positional uncertainties) then the attributes Xi and Eta can be used to filter any pairings with suspiciously large offsets in one or more bands. For example, for a clean sample of QSOs from the LAS, you might wish to insist that the offsets in the selected sample are all below 1 arcsecond: simply add WHERE clauses into the SQL sample selection script to exclude all Xi and Eta values larger than the threshold you want. NB: the master position is the position of the detection in the shortest passband in the set, rather than the ra/dec of the source as stored in source attributes of the same name. The former is used in the pairing process, while the latter is generally the optimally weighted mean position from an astrometric solution or other combinatorial process of all individual detection positions across the available passbands.



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30/05/2018